January 7th 2020
Serious Health Risks Associated with Untreated Sleep ApneaDecember 6, 2019 4:50 pm
You may not be aware that the quality of your child’s sleep is related to their heart health. We have all heard about getting enough exercise and consuming a healthy diet to lower our risk for heart disease, but we doubt you are aware of the serious risks associated with untreated sleep apnea.
Do You Have Sleep Apnea?
The sad truth is many people don’t know their child is suffering from sleep apnea, and when left undiagnosed, this common condition increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
When the airway muscles relax and collapse while they sleep, it prevents them from getting the air needed. They can actually stop breathing for a few seconds or much longer until you start breathing again.
The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). When you have OSA, air can’t flow into your nose or mouth, nor can it flow out. Your body is trying to breathe, but is unable to do so because of the relaxed state of the airway muscles.
OSA is classified as mild if the person experiences 5-15 sleep interruptions per hour. To be determined as severe OSA, the individual must be dealing with greater than 30 sleep interruptions per hour.
Snoring vs Sleep Apnea
Just because they snore, does not mean they have OSA. They can be quite an annoying snorer while still not having sleep apnea. The reverse is also true. They can be suffering from obstructive sleep apnea, but not snore at all. The telltale sign is waking up multiple times during the night when they begin to breathe again.
Health Risks Associated with Untreated Sleep Apnea
Not sleeping deeply, waking up multiple times from breathing interruptions during the night, and not breathing will all result in various health risks, some of which are quite serious.
When someone continuously wakes up at night due to breathing breaks, they are unable to attain sufficient deep sleep. Daytime fatigue can affect driving, concentration, decision making, and productivity at work or at school.
High Blood Pressure
If they already have high blood pressure, sleep apnea can make it even worse. When they continue to have their sleep disrupted, their body is stressed and begins to boost their blood pressure. Treatment for OSA can improve this medical condition quite easily.
Type 2 Diabetes
Researchers find that type 2 diabetes is common in those that have sleep apnea. Lack of sleep can prevent your body from using insulin properly as it develops an insulin resistance, which in turn leads to diabetes.
Someone with OSA is more likely to have a heart attack. This fact is related to the low oxygen levels as well as the recurring stress from waking up so many times at night.
OSA affects how their body takes in oxygen, which changes the amount of blood flowing to their arteries and brain.
This is a chicken or the egg dilemma. Sleep apnea can cause a release of unique hormones that make someone crave sweets and carbs. When they are tired all the time, they don’t have the energy to exercise, and so they may begin to gain weight. In those who are are overweight, the excess tissue in the neck can be a contributing factor to OSA.
When you seek treatment from Fairfax Neonatal Associates, both of these issues can improve. With better sleep they will have the extra energy needed to exercise and lose weight.
Additional issues arising from OSA:
- Weakened immune system and increased risk of infection from lack of sleep
- OSA makes you more likely to have higher levels of LDL (bad cholesterol)
Treatment for OSA
A CPAP machine is one of the best ways to relieve symptoms of sleep apnea. There are several other treatments available to help patients of Fairfax Neonatal Associates breathe better at night.
Contact Fairfax Neonatal Associates and find out if your child might be suffering from sleep apnea, and how you may be able to treat it!
As always, if you have any further questions or would like to schedule an appointment, please call (703) 226-2290 today!